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Evolution of the plow over 10,000 years and the rationale for no-till farming

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Evolution of the plow over 10,000 years and the rationale for no-till farming

In: Soil & tillage research, 2007, Vol.93(1), pp.1-12
Autor: Lal, R , Reicosky, D.C , Hanson, J.D
Ort, Verlag, Jahr: , Elsevier B.V, 2007
ISBN/ISSN/ISMN: 0167-1987
Kollektion: ScienceDirect (Elsevier)
Erscheinungsform: article

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Autor:Lal, R
Autor:Reicosky, D.C
Autor:Hanson, J.D
Titel:Evolution of the plow over 10,000 years and the rationale for no-till farming
Verlag:Elsevier B.V
Jahr:2007
ISBN/ISSN/ISMN:0167-1987
Sprache:eng
Zusammenfassung:<p>Agriculture and the plow originated 10–13 millennia ago in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East, mostly along the Tigris, Euphrates, Nile, Indus and Yangtze River valleys, and were introduced into Greece and southeastern Europe ∼8000 years ago. The wooden plow, called an ard, evolved into the “Roman plow”, with an iron plowshare, described by Virgil around 1 ad and was used in Europe until the fifth century. It further evolved into a soil inverting plow during the 8th to 10th century. In the U.S., a moldboard plow was designed by Thomas Jefferson in 1784, patented by Charles Newfold in 1796, and marketed in the 1830s as a cast iron plow by a blacksmith named John Deere. Use of the plow expanded rapidly with the introduction of the “steam horse” in 1910 that led to widespread severe soil erosion and environmental degradation culminating in the Dust Bowl of the 1930s. A transition from moldboard plow to various forms of conservation tillage began with the development of 2,4-D...
Kollektion:ScienceDirect (Elsevier)
In:Soil & tillage research, 2007, Vol.93(1), pp.1-12
Primo Volltext:no_fulltext